PERIOD (OG12)

PERASPERA In-Orbit Demonstration (Operational Grant 12)

The PERASPERA In-Orbit Demonstration (PERIOD) project is one of the operational grants (OGs) of the third phase of the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Space Strategic Research Cluster on Space Robotics Technologies with an objective to increase the maturity of space technologies and prepare them for an in-orbit demonstration, planned within the 2023-2027 timeframe. Specifically, the project will build upon the work of previous OGs to raise the technology readiness level of core technologies and define an orbital demonstration concept for on-orbit servicing and assembly. The DFKI’s tasks within the project consist mainly of the evaluation of the state-of-the-art standard interconnects, used to interconnect (modular) systems/components, with respect to the demonstration scenario and definition of a conceptual cyber-physical system architecture for an in-orbit manufacturing and assembly system.

Duration: 01.01.2021 till 31.12.2022
Donee: German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence GmbH
Sponsor: European Union
Grant number: This project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 101004151
Website: https://period-h2020.eu/
Partner:

Airbus Defence and Space GmbH (Germany)
Airbus Defence and Space SAS (France)
Airbus Defence and Space Ltd. (UK)
GMV Aerospace and Defence S.A.U. (Spain)
GMVIS Skysoft S.A. (Portugal)
Space Applications Services NV (Belgium)
SENER Aeroespacial S.A. (Spain)
EASN Technology Innovation Services BVBA (Belgium)
ISISPACE B.V. (Netherlands)

Application Field: Space Robotics
Related Projects: ESROCOS (OG1)
European Space Robot Control Operating System (11.2016- 01.2019)
InFuse (OG3)
Common Data Fusion Framework for Space Robotics (11.2016- 01.2019)
SIROM (OG5)
Standard Interface for Robotic Manipulation of Payloads in Future Space Missions (11.2016- 02.2019)
FACILITATORS (OG6)
FACILIties for Testing (at) ORbital and Surface robotics building blocks (11.2016- 01.2019)
PULSAR (OG8)
Prototype of an Ultra Large Structure Assembly Robot (02.2019- 03.2021)
ADE (OG10)
Autonomous Decision Making in Very Long Traverses (02.2019- 04.2021)
PRO-ACT (OG11)
Planetary RObots Deployed for Assembly and Construction Tasks (02.2019- 04.2021)
Stardust Reloaded
On-Orbit Servicing with Robotic Manipulators (01.2019- 06.2023)
Related Software: Rock
Robot Construction Kit
Phobos
An add-on for Blender allowing editing and exporting of robots for the MARS simulation
MARS
Machina Arte Robotum Simulans
CAD-2-SIM
Computer Aided Design To Simulation

Project details

Intelligent Building Blocks for On-Orbit Satellite Servicing and Assembly (Photo: DLR (CC-BY 3.0))
Artist’s concept of a robotic on-orbit servicing scenario (Photo: NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center 2017)

Since the launch of the first artificial satellite, the very nature of spaceflight has heavily constrained every space mission in terms of mass, lifetime and ultimately cost. The results of this are mostly single-use, highly integrated space systems that are difficult to service and/or upgrade should the need arise. At the same time the current proliferation of the space debris calls for a more sustainable use of the on-orbit environment which is difficult to achieve with the currently adopted mission paradigm. All these facts point toward the need of a paradigm shift of space missions and morphology of spacecraft design to enable cost-effective on-orbit servicing and assembly that could reduce the lifecycle cost of spacecraft while increasing their capability and flexibility in case of failure or unexpected events.

The Horizon 2020 Space Strategic Research Cluster (SRC) on Space Robotics Technologies is the approach adopted by the European Union to achieve this paradigm shift by gradually increasing the maturity of space robotics technologies for on-orbit servicing and assembly and validating them in the 2023-2027 timeframe with sizeable demonstration missions.

The PERASPERA In-Orbit Demonstration (PERIOD) project is one of the operational grants (OGs) of the third phase of the SRC with an objective to define an orbital demonstrator concept while capitalizing on the work of the previous phases of the SRC that have addressed the designing, manufacturing, and testing of reliable and high-performance robotic building blocks.

The specific objectives of the project are:
a) Define a demonstrator concept based on an orbital factory, integrated on the Bartolomeo platform of the International Space Station, to manufacture and operate a spacecraft in-orbit.
b) Further develop core space robotics software components up to the technology readiness level five.
c) Evaluate the current state-of-the-art standard interfaces in a benchmark scenario.
d) Evaluate all the core components for assembly on a breadboard.
e) Implement communication and dissemination activities to inform the space community and potential customers on the capabilities of on-orbit servicing and assembly as well as provide transparency on risks and mitigations.

The DFKI’s tasks within the project address specifically:
a) The evaluation of the current state-of-the-art standard interfaces in a representative benchmark scenario.
b) The definition of preliminary requirements and development logic of the perception and representation components of the orbital factory.
c) The definition of a conceptual cyber-physical system architecture of the orbital factory and a proof-of-concept of a selected aspect.

Further information about the PERIOD can be found at the following URL: https://period-h2020.eu/

Videos

PERIOD: Standard Interconnect Benchmark for Orbital Factory

Future orbital factories will require standardized components to manufacture and assemble modular spacecraft. One of such components is a multifunctional interconnect which allows to connect different subsystems of a modular spacecraft mechanically and electrically. To select the most appropriate one for the envisioned demonstration scenario of the PERIOD project a benchmark was performed at DFKI on the three European state-of-the-art interconnects. The tests compared the electrical and mechanical capabilities of the interconnects and set a precedent on how to design and execute future benchmarks of multifunctional interconnects.

SIROM: Capture range tests

Mechanical test of the SIROM from SENER Aeroespacial S.A. verifying its capture range.

HOTDOCK: Misalignment test

Mechanical test of the HOTDOCK from Space Applications Services NV verifying its misalignment capabilities using guiding petals.

HOTDOCK: Release under load tests

Mechanical tests of the iSSI® from iBOSS GmbH, HOTDOCK from Space Applications Services NV and SIROM from SENER Aeroespacial S.A. identifying their capabilities to perform a release of a coupled interface under load. Please note that the behaviour of interfaces during the depicted tests is unsuitable for direct comparison given different numeric values used for initial axial, radial and angular misalignments.

Publications

2023

Outcomes of the PERIOD project on In-Space Manufacturing, Assembly and Refuelling Technologies
Stéphane Estable, Ingo Ahrns, Ralf Regele, Marko Jankovic, Wiebke Brinkmann, Jeremi Gancet, A.M. Barrio, Pierre Leiter, Francisco J. Colmenero, Annelies Ampe, others, Björn Ordoubadian, Apostolos Chamos, Romain Caujolle, Daniel Silveira, Isabel Soto, Mark Shilton, Torsten Vogel, Sebastian Bartsch, Marc Manz
In Journal of Physics: Conference Series, IOP Publishing, volume 2526 - 12th EASN International Conference on "Innovation in Aviation & Space for opening New Horizons" 18/10/2022 - 21/10/2022 Barcelona, Spain, number 1, pages ---, Jun/2023.
A Reference Implementation for Knowledge Assisted Robot Development for Planetary and Orbital Robotics
Mehmed Yüksel, Thomas M. Röhr, Marko Jankovic, Wiebke Brinkmann, Frank Kirchner
In Acta Astronautica, Elsevier Ltd., volume 2023, pages 1-16, 2023.

2022

Ontology-Driven Robot Design for Future Orbital and Planetary Robotics with korcut
Mehmed Yüksel, Thomas M. Röhr
European Aeronautics Science Network International Conference (EASN), Oct/2022.
A Standard Interconnect Benchmark for a European In-orbit Services, Manufacturing and Assembly (ISMA) Demonstrator
Wiebke Brinkmann, Mehmed Yüksel, Marko Jankovic, Malte Wirkus, Jona Saffer, Isabel Soto, Jeremi Gancet, Pierre Letier, Thomas A. Schervan, Joerg Kreisel, Stephane Estable, Frank Kirchner
In 73rd International Astronautical Congress 2022, (IAC-2022), 18.9.-22.9.2022, Paris, International Astronautical Federation (IAF), 100 Avenue de Suffren 75015 Paris, France, Sep/2022. International Astronautical Federation (IAF).
In-Orbit Demonstration of ISMA Robotic Capabilities to Pave the Way for a New Generation of Space Systems
Sebastian Bartsch, Stephane Estable, Torsten Vogel, Marc Manz, Gwenaelle Aridon, Romain Caujolle, Francisco Javier Colmenero, Mercedes Alonso, Manuel Esquer, Daniel Silveira, Carolina Serra, Marko Jankovic, Wiebke Brinkmann, Isabel Soto, Gonzalo Guerra, Jeremi Gancet, Pierre Letier, Andres M. Barrio, Mark Shilton, Elie Allouis, Björn Ordoubadian, Eric Bertels, Apostolos Chamos
In 73rd International Astronautical Congress 2022, (IAC-2022), 18.9.-22.9.2022, Paris, International Astronautical Federation (IAF), 100 Avenue de Suffren 75015 Paris, France, Sep/2022. International Astronautical Federation (IAF).
Robotic Architecture and Operational Concept for In-Space Assembly and Servicing Missions
Marc Manz, Sebastian Bartsch, Romain Caujolle, Torsten Vogel, Mark Shilton, Elie Allouis, Stefan Gornig, Francisco Javier Colmenero, Sebastian Torralbo, Marko Jankovic, Wiebke Brinkmann, Isabel Soto, Gonzalo Guerra, Daniel Silveira, Serra Carolina, Björn Ordoubadian, Eric Bertels, Jeremi Gancet, Pierre Letier, Manfred Doermer, Stephane Estable
In 16th Symposium on Advanced Space Technologies in Robotics and Automation, (ASTRA-2022), 1.6.-2.6.2022, Noordwijk, ESA Publications Division-ESTEC, ESA-ESTEC, Keplerlaan 1 2201 AZ Noordwijk, The Netherlands, May/2022. ESA Conference Bureau / ATPI Corporate Events.
A methodology for electromechanical evaluation of multifunctional interconnects for on-orbit servicing demonstration
Mehmed Yüksel, Marko Jankovic, Wiebke Brinkmann, Jona Saffer, Christian Schoo
In 16th Symposium on Advanced Space Technologies in Robotics and Automation, (ASTRA-2022), 01.6.-02.6.2022, Noordwijk, ESA Publications Division-ESTEC, ESA-ESTEC, Keplerlaan 1 2201 AZ Noordwijk, The Netherlands, May/2022. ESA Conference Bureau / ATPI Corporate Events.
PERIOD – PERASPERA In-Orbit Demonstration toward the transition into the in-space services, assembly and manufacturing paradigm
Stéphane Estable, Annelies Ampe, Apostolos Chamos, Gwenaelle Aridon, Daniel Silveira, Francisco Javier Colmenero Lechuga, Isabel Soto, Jeremi Gancet, Mark Shilton, Marko Jankovic, Torsten Vogel
In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, IOP Publishing, volume 1226, number 1, pages 1-8, Feb/2022.

2021

Preliminary definition of a Standard Interconnect Benchmark for On-Orbit Servicing Demonstrator
Wiebke Brinkmann, Marko Jankovic, Jeremi Gancet, Pierre Letier, Joerg Kreisel, Thomas A. Schervan, Isabel Soto, Javier Vinals, Björn Ordoubadian, Annelies Ampe, Torsten Vogel, Marc Manz, Stephane Estable
STARDUST-R GLOBAL VIRTUAL WORKSHOP II Space Traffic Management and Resilient Space Environment, Sep/2021.

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last updated 04.01.2024