Runtime Calibration of online EEG based Movement Prediction using EMG Signals
In BIOSIGNALS 2014 - Proceedings of the International Conference on Bio-inspired Systems and Signal Processing, (Biosignalis-2014), 03.3.-06.3.2014, Angers, SCITEPRESS Digital Library, Mar/2014.
Prediction of voluntary movements from electroencephalographic (EEG) signals is widely used and investigated for applications like brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) or in the field of rehabilitation. Different combinations of signal processing and machine learning methods can be found in literature for solving this task. Machine learning algorithms suffer from small signal-to-noise ratios and non-stationarity of EEG signals. Due to the non-stationarity, prediction performance of a fixed classifier may degrade over time. This is becausethe shape of motor-related cortical potentials associated with movement prediction change over time and thus may no longer be well represented by the classifier. A solution is online calibration of the classifier. Therefore,we propose a novel approach in which movement onsets, detected by the analysis of electromyographic (EMG) signals are used to recalibrate the classifier during runtime. We conducted experiments with 8 subjects performing self-initiated, self-paced movements of the right arm. We investigated the differences of online calibration versus applying a fixed classifier. Further the effect of varying initial training instances ( 13 or 23 of available data) was examined. In both cases we found a significant improvement in prediction performance (p < 0:05) when the online calibration was used.