Highly-Dynamic Movements of a Humanoid Robot Using Whole-Body Trajectory Optimization

In order to further close the gap between robots and their natural counterparts, current research is driving towards exploiting the natural dynamics of robots. This requires a rethinking about the way we control robots for moving in a more dynamic, efficient and natural way.
Dynamic bipedal locomotion is a challenging problem and remains an open area of research. A key characteristic is the decoupling between the center of mass and the multi-body dynamics. Particular difficulties arise from effective underactuation, the mechanism complexity, as well as nonlinear and hybrid dynamics.
A common approach is to decompose this problem into smaller sub-problems that are solved sequentially. Many state-of-the-art frameworks rely on trajectory optimization based on reduced centroidal dynamics, which is transferred to a whole-body trajectory via feedback linearization using Inverse Kinematics (IK) or Inverse Dynamics (ID). Recent research indicates that solving this mapping with a local optimal control solver, namely Differential Dynamic Programming (DDP), instead of IK/ID, produces more efficient motions, with lower forces and impacts.
This master thesis contributes to the research field of dynamic bipedal locomotion by applying, evaluating and extending DDP-based whole-body trajectory optimization, pursuing three objectives: First, we develop an approach to constrain the optimal control problem allowing DDP to produce inherently balanced motions. Second, we evaluate our approach for quasi-static and dynamic motions in a real-time physics simulation and in real-world experiments on the lightweight and biologically inspired RH5 humanoid robot. Third, we examine the limits of the derived whole-body planning approach and the system design via solving highly-dynamic movements.

In der Regel sind die Vorträge Teil von Lehrveranstaltungsreihen der Universität Bremen und nicht frei zugänglich. Bei Interesse wird um Rücksprache mit dem Sekretariat unter sek-ric(at)dfki.de gebeten.

zuletzt geändert am 30.07.2019
nach oben