Model-based furniture recognition for building semantic object maps
In Artificial Intelligence, Elsevier, volume 2017, number 247, pages 336-351, Jun/2017.
This paper presents an approach to creating a semantic map of an indoor environment incrementally and in closed loop, based on a series of 3D point clouds captured by a mobile robot using an RGB-D camera. Based on a semantic model about furniture objects (represented in an OWL-DL ontology with rules attached), we generate hypotheses for locations and 6DoF poses of object instances and verify them by matching a geometric model of the object (given as a CAD model) into the point cloud. The result, in addition to the registered point cloud, is a consistent mesh representation of the environment, further enriched by object models corresponding to the detected pieces of furniture. We demonstrate the robustness of our approach against occlusion and aperture limitations of the RGB-D frames, and against differences between the CAD models and the real objects. We evaluate the complete system on two challenging datasets featuring partial visibility and totaling over 800 frames. The results show complementary strengths and weaknesses of processing each frame directly vs. processing the fully registered scene, which accord with intuitive expectations.
Semantic map; Incremental mapping; Closed-loop mapping; Model-based object recognition; 3D point cloud; CAD model matching; OWL-DL ontology